He~

He might be too enthusiastic, he might be weak, and he might be overactive. But he's trying to be part of this world of flying. He never die out his passion. Learnt himself that he's going for his dream, and Flying is every pilot's soul. He wants to be a pilot no matter what, because he likes to fly. Outgoing as well to meet all friends throughout the whole world. And that he is me :)

Sunday, September 29, 2013

Questions about Airplane Pilot Licensing in Malaysia

Hey readers, today I would like to share with everyone about questions on pilot licensing in Malaysia. The information extracted is based on Malaysian Civil Aviation Regulations (MCAR) from Department of Civil Aviation (DCA). MCAR is basically an air law in the aviation, for Malaysia. You may find a lot of regulations and useful information on flying. So , here's the document for the MCAR. But in this blog, I will try to extract and brief the whole information to all of you. In this document, this information can be found in Regulation 41, which is about Flight Crew of Aircraft: Licences and Rating, as well as detailed information on 11th Schedule.

In airplane pilot licensing, there are 4 kinds of licensing:
1) Student Pilot License ( SPL )
2) Private Pilot License ( PPL )
3) Commercial Pilot License ( CPL )
4) Airline Transport Pilot License ( ATPL )

I will cover all the licensing in the aspect of description, Age Requirement, Validity and their Privileges when you obtain those licensing. For your information, the license is about this dimension , 9.5 cm x 13 cm x 0.5 cm. Each license will have its special colour to ease your recognition on the license.

1) Student Pilot License (SPL)
This license, is the most basic and fundamental license when you start to learn to fly. The book is green in colour as shown below and is applicable to all aircraft.
Minimum Age Requirement:
17 years

Maximum Period of Validity:
- if you are less than 40 years of age on the day you grant or renew your license, 24 months will be your validity.
- if you are more than 40 years of age on the day you grant or renew your license, 12 months will be your validity.

Privileges:

  • You can fly as pilot or pilot-in-command (PIC) only of becoming qualified for granting or renewing a pilot license.
  • Valid for flights within Malaysia or other states provided it's stated in the license.
  • You can't fly as Pilot-in-Command (PIC) for carrying any person onboard the aircraft.
  • Valid for flights carried out in accordance with instructions by a person holding Flying Instructor (FI) or Assistant Flying Instructor (AFI) rating, giving you instructions on flying.
2) Private Pilot License ( PPL )
This license, I would say it's the license which everyone knows about it. Basically, it's a license to entitle you to fly but with restrictions too. The license is dark brown in colour.

Minimum Age Requirement:
17 years (Obviously, you can obtain your PPL from SPL with same age. Or else you will take years to get your basic license :X)

Maximum Period of Validity:
- if you are less than 40 years of age on the day you grant or renew your license, 24 months will be your validity.
- if you are more than 40 years of age on the day you grant or renew your license, 12 months will be your validity.
Basically the validity is the same as SPL.

Privileges:
You are entitled to fly as pilot-in-command or co-pilot of an aeroplane on the aircraft rating you had obtained provided that:

  • You can't fly the aeroplane for the purpose of public transport or aerial work unless 

 (i) your license includes FI or AFI rating to give instructions on flying
 (ii) conduct flying tests in either
      *you own an aircraft
      *arrangement by flying club, provided you and the other person are flying club members.
(iii) you fly the aeroplane owned by yourself or operations by flying club, usage on aerial work which consists of:
      *towing a glider inflight
      *flight which drops persons by parachute
  • You will not receive any salary, money, or remuneration unless pilot for instruction or testing if aircraft is a microlight or self-launching motor glider
  • You can't fly as PIC when 

 (i) you are flying in uncontrolled airspace (Class G) in these conditions:
     *flight visibility less than 3km
     *carrying any passenger for aircraft flying 3,000 feet above Mean Sea Level (MSL) in conditions where           you can't remain
         ** at least 1.8km horizontally and 1,000 feet vertically from clouds
         ** 10km visibility at or below 3,000 feet above MSL
         ** 5 km visibility more than 3,000 feet above MSL
 (ii) on a Special Visual Flight Rules (SVFR) in controlled zone with visibility less than 10km except on a route or in an Aerodrome Traffic Zone (ATZ) being notified.
(iii) out of sight of the surface
UNLESS you have Instrument Rating (IR) or Instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC) rating.
  • You can't fly as PIC at night UNLESS
 (i) your license includes a night rating.
 (ii) your license includes IR or you carried out as PIC not less than 5 takeoff and 5 landings with the sun not less than 12° below the horizon in the last 90 days (Meaning it's totally night and not civil twilight).
  •  You can't fly in Class A, B and C airspace which requires compliance with Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) unless your license includes IR.
3) Commercial Pilot License (CPL)
This license is basically entitled you to be a commercial pilot, where you may be ready to join airline or other flights. The license will be light blue in colour.

Minimum Age Requirement:
18 years

Maximum Period Validity:
- if you are less than 40 years of age on the day you grant or renew your license, 12 months will be your validity.
- if you are more than 40 years of age on the day you grant or renew your license, 6 months will be your validity.

Privileges:
  • basically you can have all the privileges in PPL, but if you hold IMC rating and night rating, you can fly as PIC provided: 
  (i) you fly on SVFR flight not less than 3km.
  (ii) you takeoff or landing at any place where flight visibility below cloud is more than 1.8km.
  •  You can fly as PIC with the aircraft rating included in the license for any purpose provided that: 
  (i)  you have IR to fly on any scheduled journey
  (ii) to fly at night, your license includes IR or you carried out as PIC not less than 5 takeoff and 5 landings with the sun not less than 12° below the horizon in the last 90 days (Meaning it's totally night and not civil twilight).
  (iii) you have IR to fly any aircraft with Maximum Take Off Weight (MTOW) exceeding 2,300kg on any flight for purpose of public transport, or if you don't have IR, you can only fly within 25nm from the aerodrome.
  (iv) you are not exceeding 60 years of age and if you are exceeding 60 years of age, aeroplane must be fitted with dual controls and carries a second pilot which haven't reach age of 60 years, holding appropriate license which entitles him/her to act as PIC or co-pilot of that aeroplane.
 (v) if your license includes IR, you can fly in Class A, B and C airspace which requires compliance with Instrument Flight Rules (IFR).
  • You are able to fly as PIC of an aeroplane with the aircraft type rating and FI rating / AFI rating included in the license for the purpose of aerial work, consisting of:
  - giving instructions in flying
  - conducting flying test if
      *you own an aircraft
      *arrangement by flying club, provided you and the other person are flying club members.
  • You can fly as co-pilot of any aeroplane of aircraft type more than MTOW of 20,000kg specified in your license for any purpose provided that you are not exceeding 60 years of age.
  • You can't fly as PIC or co-pilot of any aeroplane for public transport after reaching 65 years of age.

4) Airline Transport Pilot License (ATPL)
This License is the final license for all the pilot license. Though I'm not sure how it looks like, but I will try to update all the information specified in this license.

Minimum Age: 
21 years

Maximum Period Validity:
- if you are less than 40 years of age on the day you grant or renew your license, 12 months will be your validity.
- if you are more than 40 years of age on the day you grant or renew your license, 6 months will be your validity.

Privileges:
- Here you are, you can exercise all CPL privileges except when you are reaching 60 years of age, you can't entitle yourself to be PIC or co-pilot of any public transport if MTOW exceed 20,000kg.

Keywords:
Aerial Work- Aircraft operations, other than public transport, such as agriculture, photography, surveying, search and rescue, training and aerial advertisement
Scheduled Journey - Like airline flights, which are scheduled routes, etc.
Pilot In Command -Person who's in charge of aircraft piloting without being under the direction of any pilot in the aircraft.

That's all folks. Information above might be slightly different, however if there's any questions, suggestions, comments, or any mistakes, please do clarify. Hope the above licenses will give you an idea what you can do and you can't do.

Thank You. :-)

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